The federal government has given the go-ahead to two major pipelines projects – Trans Mountain and Line 3 – while rejecting Northern Gateway.

In a series of four videos, titled "Pipelines, Politics & Indigenous Peoples: Understanding the decisions on Gateway, Line 3 and Trans Mountain", MLI Munk Senior Fellow Ken Coates delves into the long-term implications of pipeline rulings for Canada.

What will Indigenous peoples make of these decisions?

Watch video number one in the series to find out.

"Indigenous peoples have very strong right", says Coates in the video. "The problem is Indigenous peoples don't have very clear rights". Coates notes that even the First Nations that approved of the projects had very difficult internal debates about them. He sees the potential for conflict ahead.