The Macdonald-Laurier Institute think tank is a Canadian leader in producing high-quality public policy research.

The Institute’s findings have led the discussion on topics that include the Canada Health Act, Aboriginal land title rights (including the Northern Gateway pipeline and the “duty to consult” doctrine) and the proposed revisions to Canada’s prostitution legislation (C-36).

Click here for more information on MLI’s research independence.

Scroll down to view the full roster of MLI papers. To browse papers by release date, click here.

Aboriginal affairs

Evening the Odds: Giving Indigenous ventures access to the full financial toolkit, by Dominique Collin and Michael L. Rice, May 2, 2019

Catching the Next Wave: How BC First Nations Can Benefit from Another LNG Boom, by Ken Coates, April 26, 2018

Political Rhetoric Meets Legal Reality: How to Move Forward on Free, Prior and Informed Consent in Canada, by Dwight Newman, August 15, 2017

Getting the Big Picture: How regional assessment can pave the way for more inclusive and effective environmental assessments, by Bram Noble, June 29, 2017

Missed Opportunities, Glimmers of Hope: Aboriginal communities and mineral development in Northern Ontario, by Heather Hall and Ken Coates, May 18, 2017

Learning to Listen: Snapshots of Aboriginal Participation in Environmental Assessment, by Bram Noble, July 5, 2016

Stepping Into The Sunshine Without Getting Burned: The Extractive Sector Transparency Measures Act (ESTMA) and Aboriginal Communities, by Dwight Newman and Kaitlyn S. Harvey, June 2, 2016

Understanding UNDRIP: Choosing action on priorities over sweeping claims about the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, by Ken Coates and Blaine Favel, May 19, 2016

Understanding FPIC: From assertion and assumption on ‘free, prior and informed consent’ to a new model for Indigenous engagement on resource development, by Ken Coates and Blaine Favel, April 28, 2016

Unearthing Human Resources: Aboriginal Skills Development And Employment In The Natural Resource Sector, by Ken Coates, Greg Finnegan, Craig J. Hall and Kelly J. Lendsay, Dec. 10, 2015

Protectors Of The Land: Toward an EA process that works for communities and developers, by Bram Noble and Aniekan Udofia, Oct. 29, 2015

Is The Sky The Limit? Following the trajectory of Aboriginal legal rights in resource development, by Dwight Newman, June 23, 2015

Risk, Prevention and Opportunity: Northern Gateway and the marine environment, by Robert Hage, March 13, 2015

Sharing The Wealth: How resource revenue agreements can honour treaties, improve communities, and facilitate Canadian development, by Ken Coates, Jan. 27, 2015

The End is Not Nigh: Reason over alarmism in analysing the Tsilhqot'in decision, by Ken Coates and Dwight Newman, Sept. 11, 2014

The Rule and Role of Law: The duty to consult, Aboriginal communities and the Canadian natural resource sector, by Dwight Newman, May 2014

An Unfinished Nation: Completing the devolution revolution in Canada's North, by Ken Coates and Greg Poelzer, April 2014

New Beginnings: How Canada's natural resource wealth could re-shape relations with Aboriginal people, by Ken Coates and Brian Lee Crowley, May 2013

Canada and the First Nations: Cooperation or conflict?, by Douglas Bland, May 2013

The Way Out: New thinking about Aboriginal engagement and energy infrastructure to the West coast, by Brian Lee Crowley and Ken Coates, May 2013

The Atlantic Integrated Commercial Fishery Initiative: A successful model to manage Aboriginal participation in natural resource development, by Jacquelyn Thayer Scott , February 1, 2012

Free to Learn: Giving Aboriginal youth control over their post-secondary education, by Calvin Helin and Dave Snow, March 15, 2010

Canada's political tradition

John A. Macdonald: The Indispensable Politician, by Alastair C.F. Gillespie, June 22, 2017

Thomas D'Arcy McGee: The Idealist, by Alastair C.F. Gillespie, June 8, 2017

Alexander Galt: The Federalist, by Alastair C.F. Gillespie, April 19, 2017

George-Étienne Cartier: The Canadian, by Alastair C.F. Gillespie, March 7, 2017

George Brown: The Reformer, by Alastair C.F. Gillespie, Feb. 7, 2017

Introducing The Confederation Series, by Alastair C.F. Gillespie, Feb. 7, 2017

Beyond Patronage and Scandal: A rationale and a strategy for serious Senate reform, by Brian Lee Crowley, Nov. 21, 2013

Restoring Equity and Promoting Wise Stewardship in Canada's Equalization Program, by Brian Lee Crowley, April 2013

Laying the Ghost of Electoral Reform, by John Pepall, October 11, 2011

Confederation and Individual Liberty, by Janet Ajzenstat, November 10, 2010

Health care

The Federal Department of Health Nears 100: The Origins and Evolution of the Federal Role in Health Care and the Case for Reform, by Sean Speer, Aug. 16, 2018

The Unkindest Cut: How a new plan for slashing drug prices could harm the prosperity and health of Canadians, by Wayne Critchley and Richard Owens, Feb. 8, 2018

Running out of Time: Demographic Pressures and the Future of Canadian Health Careby Sean Speer, Brian Ferguson, and Ariel Freeman-Fawcett, Dec. 14, 2017

Injecting Some Healthy Competition Into Canadian Health Care
, by Mark Ronayne and Richard Audas, Nov. 22, 2016

Toward a more fair medicare: Why Canadian health care isn’t equitable or sustainable and how it can be, by Sean Speer and Ian Lee, July 19, 2016

An Asian Flavour For Medicare: Learning from experiments in Japan, Korea and Taiwan, by Ito Peng and James Tiessen, April 30, 2015

How markets can put patients first: Economics before politics in Canadian health care delivery, by Audrey Laporte, January 15, 2014

A European flavour for medicare: Learning from experiments in Switzerland and Sweden, by Mattias Lundback, November 22, 2013

Debunking the Myths: A broader perspective of the Canada Health Act, by Michael Watts, September 20, 2013

Strong Medicine: Can free trade agreements cure Canada's pharmaceutical ills? by Stefania Bartucci and Laura Dawson, June 2013

Health Care Reform From the Cradle of Medicare, by Janice MacKinnon, January 31, 2013

First, Do No Harm: How the Canada Health Act obstructs reform and innovation, by Jason Clemens and Nadeem Esmail, June 19, 2012

Canada's Looming Fiscal Squeeze: Collected essays on solutions, by Janice MacKinnon, William Watson, Bev Dahlby, Ronald Kneebone, and Jason Clemens, February 7, 2012

Economics of Intellectual Property Protection in the Pharmaceutical Sector, by Brian Ferguson and Kristina Lybecker, January 24, 2012

Canada's Looming Fiscal Squeeze, by Christopher Ragan, November 3, 2011

Reforming the Canada Health Transfer, by Jason Clemens, October 27, 2011

Pills, Patents & Profits, by Brian Ferguson, March 25, 2011

Agriculture and agri-food

The Greening of Canadian Agriculture, by Claudia Schmidt, Al Mussell, Janalee Sweetland, and Bob Seguin, November 15, 2012

Milking the System: How agricultural supply management impedes trade opportunities and egregiously transfers income, by Chris Sarlo, Larry Martin, and Ian Lee, June 21, 2012

Canadian Agriculture and Food: A growing hunger for change, by Larry Martin and Kate Stiefelmeyer, October 17, 2011

National Security and Defence

Russia-proofing your election: Global lessons for protecting Canadian democracy against foreign interferenceby Marcus Kolga, Jakub Janda, and Nathalie Vogel, July 31, 2019

The Catastrophe: Assessing the Damage from Canada’s Fighter Replacement Fiascoby Richard Shimooka, May 6, 2019

Canadian Terrorists by the Numbers: An Assessment of Canadians Joining and Supporting Terrorist Groupsby Alex Wilner with Irfan Yar, April 9, 2019

Stemming the Virus: Understanding and responding to the threat of Russian Disinformationby Marcus KolgaJanuary 17, 2019

First Principles and the National Interest: Report Card on Canadian Defence Policy 2018by Jeff Collins, December 6, 2018

The Hard Edge of Sharp Power: Understanding China's Influence Operations Abroadby J. Michael Cole, October 25, 2018

Rethinking the Taiwan Question: How Canada can update its rigid “One-China” policy for the 21st centuryby Eric Lerhe, September 6, 2018

Fear and Dread: Russia’s strategy to dismantle North Atlantic and European security cooperationby Alexander Moens with Cornel Turdeanu, July 31, 2018

Should Canada Participate in Ballistic Missile Defence? A Survey of the Experts, by Jeffrey Collins, July 9, 2018

Reconsidering Canada’s Strategic Geography: Lessons from history and the Australian experience for Canada's strategic outlook, by Andrew Pickford and Jeffrey Collins, April 6, 2018

On the Baltic Watch: The Past, Present and Future of Canada’s Commitment to NATO’s Enhanced Forward Presence in Latvia, by Christian Leuprecht, Joel Sokolsky and Jayson Derow, June 25, 2018

Global Security Look Ahead: A Collection of Essays, by Edward Luttwak / Stephen Saideman / Stéfanie von Hlatky / Ray Boisvert / Alex Wilner / Aurel Braun and Stephen Blank, April 6, 2017

First Principles and the National Interest: Recommendations for a New Canadian Defence Policy, by Sean Speer and Jeffrey Collins, March 9, 2017

Beyond The Movies: The Value Proposition of Canada’s Special Operations Forces, by Christian Leuprecht and Christian Breede, Dec. 13, 2016

Smoking Gun: Strategic containment of contraband tobacco and cigarette trafficking in Canada, by Christian Leuprecht, March 31, 2016

Putting The 'Armed' Back Into The Canadian Armed Forces: Improving defence procurement in Canada, by David Perry, Jan. 14, 2015

National Security Strategy for Canada Series: Organized crime beyond the border, by Todd Hataley and Christian Leuprecht, April 2013

National Security Strategy for Canada Series: Border integrity, illicit tobacco, and Canada's security, by Jean Daudelin with Stephanie Soiffer and Jeff Willows, March 27, 2013

Solutions To Critical Infrastructure Problems: Essays on protecting Canada's infrastructure, by Stuart Farson, Douglas Bland, Brigadier-General James Cox, Barry Cooper, and Andrew Graham, February 29, 2012

Canada's Critical Infrastructure: When is safe enough safe enough?, by Andrew Graham, December 6, 2011

To Stand On Guard, by Paul H. Chapin, November 29, 2010

From Rehabilitation to Recruitment, by Alex Wilner, October 18, 2010


Harming Charity: The potential effects of high personal tax rates on charitable giving, by Sean SpeerJune 27, 2019

Who’s afraid of the USMCA? Why the intellectual property provisions in the US Mexico Canada Agreement are good for Canada and its trading partnersby Richard OwensMay 23, 2019

Moving Beyond Rhetoric: Understanding the practical consequence of a Canada-China Free Trade Agreementby Duanjie ChenMarch 28, 2019

BC’s LNG Projects: A Turning Point for Canada’s Energy Industry, by Philip Cross, December 4, 2018

Performance Anxiety II: How to ensure post-secondary institutions deliver on the expectations of students, parents, employers, and governments, by Ken Coates and Douglas Auld, Nov. 30, 2018

A Work and Opportunity Agenda for Canada, by Brian Lee Crowley and Sean Speer, Sept. 27, 2018

Performance Anxiety: Post-Secondary Education and the Future of the Canadian Workforce, by Ken Coates and Douglas Auld, May 31, 2018

The Truth About the Unemployment Rate, by Philip Cross, May 10, 2018

A Tale of Two Governments: How Historical Trends Cast Doubt on Federal Promises of Fiscal Restraint, by Sean Speer, Feb. 21, 2018

Straightened Up and Flying Right: Canadian Courts Offer Renewed Support of IP Rights, by Richard Owens, Jan. 31, 2018

The Case for Fiscal Reform: Lessons from the Anglosphere, by Sean Speer and Alex Brill, Daniel Mahoney, Robert Carling and Bryce Wilkinson, Nov. 29, 2017

Response to the Financial Crisis in the United Kingdom, by Daniel Mahoney, Nov. 29, 2017

The bleak long-run outlook for US fiscal policy and how to improve it, by Alex Brill, Nov. 29, 2017

Getting out of a fiscal hole: Canada's experience with fiscal reform, by Sean Speer, Nov. 29, 2017

Australian fiscal reforms since 1985, by Robert Carling, Nov. 29, 2017

New Zealand's fiscal reforms, 1984-1996, by Bryce Wilkinson, Nov. 29, 2017

A Home to Call Our Own: A Federal Strategy for Affordable and Responsible Home Ownership, by Sean Speer and Jane Londerville, Nov. 15, 2017

Punishing Rewards: How clamping down on credit card interchange fees can hurt the middle class, by Julian Morris, Geoffrey Manne, Ian Lee and Todd Zywicki, Nov. 9, 2017

Producing Black Gold: Understanding the Oil Sands as Part of Manufacturing in Canada, by Philip Cross, September 28, 2017

Defending Our Rights: Eliminating dysfunction in Canada’s intellectual property regime, by Richard Owens, June 15, 2017

How We Got Here: The evolution of Canadian IP rights and their economic impact, by Richard Owens and Michael Robichaud, June 1, 2017

Defending Our Rights: Why intellectual property protection matters to Canada, by Richard Owens and Michael Robichaud, May 11, 2017

Taxing the 1%? The limits of redistribution and a plan for inclusive growth, by Sean Speer, April 20, 2017

The Public Purse And The Public Good: A framework for reviewing federal tax expenditures, by Sean Speer, Feb. 16, 2017

A New Policy For The Digital Age: A mandate review for the CRTC, by Sean Speer and Len Katz, Oct. 20, 2016

The Limits of Economic “Stimulus”: How monetary and fiscal policy have sown the seeds of the next crisis, by Philip Cross, Nov. 30, 2016

A Home For Canada's Middle Class: A plan For housing affordability and opportunity in Canada, by Brian Lee Crowley and Sean Speer, Sept. 29, 2016

Winners And Losers In The Global Race For Ultra-Fast Broadband: A cautionary tale from Europe, by Andrea Renda, Aug. 24, 2016

A Sickness in the System: How public sector use of sick leave benefits really compares to the private sector, by Philip Cross, Nov. 27, 2015

Serving Up The Reality On Youth Unemployment: How rising unemployment among teens has skewed public perceptions about young people and work, by Philip Cross, Oct. 22, 2015

Is The Cheque Still In The Mail? The Internet, e-commerce, and the future of Canada Post Corporation, by Ian Lee, July 23, 2015

Unearthing the Full Economic Impact of Canada’s Natural Resources: What are they? How important are they?, by Philip Cross, May 29, 2015

Giving and Taking Away: How taxes and transfers address inequality in Canada, by Philip Cross, Apr. 16, 2015

Great Gatsby v. Zero Dollar Linda: Assessing the relationship between income inequality, social mobility and the tax transfer system, by Munir Sheikh, Apr. 9, 2015

Staying On The Right Track: A review of Canadian freight rail policy, by Malcolm Cairns, Feb. 20, 2015

Estimating the True Size of Government: Adjusting for regulation, by Philip Cross, May 29, 2014

Estimating the True Size of Government: Adjusting for tax expenditures, by Munir A. Sheikh, Feb. 6, 2014

Credit Where It's Due: How payment cards benefit Canadian merchants and consumers, and how regulation can harm them, by Ian Lee, Geoffrey A. Manne, Julian Morris, and Todd J. Zywicki, Oct. 18, 2013

Six Myths Surrounding the Development of Canada's Natural Resources, by Philip Cross, May 8, 2013

Dutch Disease, Canadian Cure: How manufacturers adapted to the high dollar, by Philip Cross, January 16, 2013

Sustaining the Crude Economy, by Laura Dawson and Stefania Bartucci, October 23, 2012

Provincial Solvency and Federal Obligations, by Marc Joffe, October 18, 2012

Public Policies to Encourage Innovation and Productivity, by Steven Globerman, September 27, 2012

Sound Money: Why It Matters, How to Have It, by Jerry Jordan and Allan Meltzer, June 11, 2012

Income Inequality: Oversimplifying a Complicated Issue, by Jason Clemens, April 30, 2012

Success and the City: How charter cities could transform the developing world, by Paul Romer and Brandon Fuller, April 25, 2012

Free Trade within Canada: Say Goodbye to Gold Seal, by Ian Blue, June 15, 2011

Mortgage Insurance in Canada, by Jane Londerville, November 18, 2010

Citizen of One, Citizen of the Whole: How Ottawa can strengthen our nation by eliminating provincial trade barriers with a charter of economic rights, by Brian Lee Crowley, Robert Knox and John Robson, June 21, 2010 (re-released in 2017)


The Carbon Tax Win-Win: Too Good to be True?, by Robert P. Murphy, October 30, 2014

Money to Burn: Assessing the costs and benefits of Canada's strategy for vehicle biofuels, by Douglas Auld and Ross McKitrick, June 26, 2014

Making Oil and Water Mix: Oil tanker traffic on Canada's West Coast, by Philip John, Roland Priddle and Robert Hage, March 14, 2012

The High Price of Low Emissions: Benefits and costs of GHG abatement in the transportation sector, by Ross McKitrick, February 22, 2012


Report Card on the Criminal Justice System #2, by Benjamin Perrin, March 5, 2018

Force 2.0: Fixing the Governance, Leadership and Structure of the RCMP, by Christian Leuprecht, Sept. 7, 2017

The Supreme Court VS. Parliament Supreme Court of Canada 2016 Year in Review, by Benjamin Perrin, Dec. 8, 2016

Justice On Trial: Inefficiencies and ineffectiveness in the Canadian criminal justice system, by Scott Newark, Sept. 27, 2016

Report Card on the Criminal Justice System: Evaluating Canada's justice deficit, by Benjamin Perrin and Richard Audas, Sept. 21, 2016

Canada's Justice Deficit: The case for a justice system report card, by Benjamin Perrin, Richard Audas and Sarah Peloquin Ladany, May 5, 2016

Dissent From Within At The Supreme Court of Canada: 2015 Year in Review, by Benjamin Perrin, Jan. 15, 2016

Punishing the Most Heinous Crimes: Analysis and recommendations related to Bill C-53 (Life Means Life Act)by Benjamin Perrin, May 7, 2015

The Supreme Court of Canada: Policy-Maker of the Year (2014), by Benjamin Perrin, Nov. 27, 2014

Finding the Balance on Digital Privacy: Toward a new Canadian model for data protection in the 21st century, by Solveig Singleton, June 10, 2014

Parliamentary Restrictions on Judicial Discretion in Sentencing: A defence of mandatory minimum sentencesby Lincoln Caylor and Gannon G. Beaulne, May 1, 2014

The Blue Line or the Bottom Line of Police Services in Canada: Arresting runaway costs, by Christian Leuprecht, March 31, 2014

Oldest profession or oldest oppression?: Addressing prostitution after the Supreme Court of Canada decision in Canada v. Bedford, by Benjamin Perrin, Jan. 27, 2014

Police-reported Crime Statistics in Canada: Still more questions than answers, by Scott Newark, February 21, 2013

Why Canadian Crime Statistics Don't Add Up: Not the whole truth, by Scott Newark, February 9, 2011


What Do Muslim Canadians Want?
, by Christian Leuprecht and Conrad Winn
, November 1, 2011

Migrant Smuggling: Canada's response to a global criminal enterprise, by Benjamin Perrin, October 25, 2011